- How Chemical Industry started in Ahmedabad: Founded in 1411 by Sultan Ahmed Shah on the banks of the river Sabarmati having its chemical development history as great as the city as Ahmedabad today India’s seventh largest city. At the beginning of sixteenth century, Gujarat witness a surge in maritime trade. This maritime trade not only enriched the Gujarati port cities of Cambay, Diu, Rander but also made Ahmedabad more prosperous as it was a seat of power, manufacturing cente.
- Effect of foreign Invaders on chemical Industry in Ahmdabad: From the travel accounts of two Portuguese visitors of the time, Duarte Barbosa and Tome Pires, we know that textile, indigo, vegetable dyes were main items of export. By the beginning of the sixteenth century, mercantile communities of Jains and Ismailis were firmly establish in Ahmedabad. A new and exciting phase started in the history of the city when Akbar annexed Gujarat in 1573 into great Mughal Empire. He created large manufacturing clusters of artisans involved in textile production. Women across communities were engage in spinning at home. While English and Dutch records provide long list of fabrics manufactured in the city.
- Indigo cultivation :Indigo cultivation and development of the dying industry contributed significant growth of chemical industries. The price of Indigo in 1614 was Rs.15 – 18 per small man and production was 16000 to 25000 man annually.
- Saltpetre :Saltpetre was critical ingredient in gunpowder and main centre of production by Bohra community. In 1624 the Dutch company purchased 4,00,000 pounds (1 pound = 500gm). 1626 the dutch sent 2,50,000 pounds to Holland. Apart from these Ahmedabad was an important production centre of Paper and Sugar.
- History Of The Pharmaceutical Industry :The history of the pharmaceutical industry in Gujarat begins in 1907 when Alembic Chemical Works Co Ltd was formed by taking over distilleries in Baroda with a view to manufacturing alcohol and tinctures primarily for pharmaceutical products. During the 1940s and 50s, companies like Sarabhai Chemicals, The Gujarat Pharmaceutical and Chemical Works, Atul Products Ltd, Allied and Cadila Laboratories were established in the post WW2 period, referred to globally as the ‘therapeutic revolution’. An important landmark in the industry’s history was the establishment of LM College of Pharmacy at Ahmedabad in 1947. This college has provided many entrepreneurs, technocrats and drug controllers to the pharmaceutical industry in the state.
6. Growth of Pharmaceutical Industry in Gujarat :The pharmaceutical industry grew rapidly after Gujarat was declared a state with Dr Jivraj Mehta as its first chief minister in 1960. The number of manufacturers in Gujarat grew from 117 in 1962 to more than 900 in 1985 with a major share in the country’s pharmaceutical production. The revisions in the Patent Act also benefited the domestic industry in India. Another development that impacted the pharmaceutical sector during this period was the establishment of pharmaceutical machinery manufacturing unit, Cadmach in 1967 by Shri Ramanbhai Patel with products catering to various needs of the pharma industry.
7. Gujarat’s pharma majors : During the 1990s and 2000s, Gujarat’s companies saw a quantum leap in production and exports with a strong focus on regulated markets as they geared up for globalisation. During the last decade, Gujarat’s pharmaceutical companies like, Sun Pharma Zydus Cadila, Torrent and Dishman have been expanding their global footprint through acquisitions, mergers and alliances with international companies and setting up subsidiaries and marketing offices overseas.
- Gujarat’s pharmaceutical industry: Gujarat’s pharmaceutical industry is now ready for sustainable growth, major capacity expansions and an increasingly important role in global consolidation process. In India, there is an increasing spend on healthcare as the emerging economy creates higher incomes, improved health insurance penetration, and lifestyle-related diseases.
Gujarat’s pharma majors have also started scaling up their R&D operations to tap the huge potential of therapeutic categories that offer opportunities for those who take the lead in becoming global, innovative research-based pharmaceutical companies. Gujarat accounts for about 40% of pharmaceutical production of India. Total 3507 manufacturing units engaged in manufacturing of Allopathic, Ayurvedic, Homeopathic drugs & Cosmetics.